The increased use of data protection authorities has also led to limited judicial review and limited oversight of the continuation of certain laws, such as the U.S. Corruption Practices Act (FCPA). In addition, the facts presented within a data protection authority are negotiated by the parties and do not necessarily constitute the full scope of the conduct at issue. As a result, key issues remain unresolved, such as the scope of the extraterritorial jurisdiction of the law. Under the Speedy Trial Act (18 U.S.C No. 3161-3174), U.S. federal courts are generally required to set a trial date within 70 days of laying a charge or criminal information (i.e., the indictment that lays out the charges against the accused). However, this period may be extended in accordance with section 3161 H) (h) because “prosecutions brought by government counsel are deferred on the basis of a written agreement with the defendant, with the court`s consent, to allow the defendant to prove his good conduct.” The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) began using more and more DPA after the criminal conviction of the public audit firm Arthur Anderson, which culminated in his work for Enron, which led to the closure of the company. On appeal, the conviction was eventually quashed; But the damage was already done. The victims included unemployed people, concerned investors and markets. Data protection authorities also address the defendant companies because they offer a complete solution to allegations of misconduct, without the company being held accountable for the potentially devastating consequences of criminal liability, such as loss of licence or prohibition.
Recently, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) began using DPAs to resolve civil cases in its jurisdiction. Third, in the event that the beneficiary violates one of the conditions of the “conditional warning” and a decision is made to sue the business, the Singapore authorities must initiate the usual criminal proceedings against the company without having the advantage of relying on documents such as a company statement, in which the company makes a formal admission of the fault as an aid to the prosecution. In such a case, given that the prosecution could have been delayed by a few years, the Crown would find other challenges in gathering evidence. www.nortonrosefulbright.com/knowledge/publications/117164/deferred-prosecution-agreements Therefore, companies, particularly large multinationals, could, according to the “identification doctrine”, circumvent criminal liability for acts of corruption and corruption committed on their behalf, even if the company had clearly benefited from such behaviour.